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The phrase “Top-Grain” is a misnomer when applied to leather. Corrected or Top-Grain leather has had the natural “grain” or surface features removed from the leather. These features are usually sanded away, and are a cheaper quality than Full-Grain leather. This type of leather is processed by “splitting” the layers of the animal skin in a horizontal fashion producing a “top-grain” layer and a “split.”
Actualy, the term "TOP grain" aplies for the very leather's "natural grain or surface" itself, providing that it had been separated from the "split leather" (sanded afterwards,cheaper quality layer)....So, what used to be FULL GRAIN (asumably the best quality)leather has now become the TOP GRAIN (high quality) and the "split" (lowest quality)leathers.Thank you.