Even though leather chaps are worn over other clothing, they should still be cared for to preserve the appearance of the leather.
If chaps are dusty, depending on the material, a soft cloth can be used to remove any dust. However, when chaps become really dirty, they should be cleaned according to the manufacturer's recommendations. This could mean a simple washing at home, or having them professionally cleaned. When not in use, leather chaps should be stored away from direct heat or sunlight. It is best to pin them on a hanger, and let them hang as straight as possible. The chaps should also be stored in an area where the air is allowed to circulate.